Blocking a shot is the process by which a director determines where the actors stand, where the lights will shine, and how the camera will be positioned. Principals is a way to describe the main characters in a movie. A tint is a use of color to make film stock appear in a different shading to attain a desired mood. This is typically done to evoke a certain mood. It refers to movies made outside the studio system. Whether you love attending film festivals, watching movies, or just reading reviews, you'll want to learn some French vocabulary related to movies. This is in contrast to a conductor, who directs the orchestra playing the score, and a lyricist, who writes the lyrics to a song. Soft focus is an effect cinematographers use when applying vaseline or a filter over the camera lens to reduce sharpness. Roger Ebert is one of the best-known film critics to ever live. Whiplash has bookends with Andrew beginning and ending the film while playing the drums. A cel is an individual hand-drawn sheet for a cartoon. verb. A chick flick is a term used to describe films that primarily appeal to women. Production definition, the act of producing; creation; manufacture. A wide angle shot is taken with a lens capable of capturing a wider field of view than a regular lens. The revelation of character. A head-on shot is where the action comes directly to the camera. The soundtrack is ultimately blended together by a mixer. Reverse motion is a camera trick created by running the film backwards within the camera or in the middle of optical printing. When it does not cut to black first, it is referred to as a “dissolve.”. A wrap is the completion of shooting either for the entire production or at the end of a single day. A skip frame is an optical printing effect of cutting out or skipping specific frames of an original scene. Flash-forward On the model of the flashback, scenes or shots of future time; the future tense of the film. Interiors are abbreviated as “Int.” while exteriors are abbreviated as “Ext.”. A beat in acting is a pause before an actor carries out a movement or speaks their next line of dialogue. It does not refer to the performers in a film. This makes the subject appear small in the frame. A scene or sequence (sometime an entire film), that is inserted into a scene in "present" time and that deals with the past. Aspect ratio is the relative length and width of an image. They espoused principles of auteur theory. Film Sound Glossary A substantial HTML glossary of terms used in making film sound. What happens in the beginning, middle, and end. This can include film crew salary, publicity, music rights, and cutting together a trailer. An establishing shot is a long shot that shows the location from a distance. Film definition, a thin layer or coating: a film of grease on a plate. A screener is a physical copy of a film sent to film critics and awards voters. Also known as the 180-degree line, it defines the spatial relations between all of the scene’s elements as being either left or right to the performers in order to maintain scene geography. This is achieved by only printing selected frames from the continuously-exposed negative. What sort of films do you enjoy? It creates a colored glow over a scene. Academy Awards. shot is a shot taken from the perspective of one character to show what the scene would look like through his or her eyes. Anime is a distinct form of animation that has roots in Japan. A bounce board is a device used to reflect light during filming. As a result, it can’t be defined by a single genre. The long film became the main attraction, hence the term feature film. A three shot is a shot consisting of three individuals in the frame. timeline editing A computer-based method of editing , in which bars proportional to the length of a clip represent video and audio clips on a computer screen. This is in contrast to direct sound where sound is recorded on the scene and synched with the shot. A B-movie is an offbeat, low-budget movie. People who work in film-making and theatre. These reshoots often occur after test screenings or when studio executives offer their input. A Foley Artist is an individual who works during the editing and post-production phase of a movie’s production. For example, the orgasm scene in When Harry Met Sally is often viewed and referenced on its own, separated from the rest of the film. Reduction Print – An optical reduction of a film from one gauge to another, such as 35mm to 16mm. It provides backstory on the events and actions presently taking place. Score: (noun) A film's 'score' is the instrumental music (without lyrics or words) which is used to add emotion to different scenes in a film. With naturalism, life is depicted in an unbiased, stoic way. It grows to become a financial success, usually thanks to positive buzz. Score: (noun) A film's 'score' is the instrumental music (without lyrics or words) which is used to add emotion to different scenes in a film. A cutaway shot is a quick shot that temporarily cuts between a continuously-filmed sequence by inserting another person, object, or action into the scene. They became popular in the 1960s and '70s, and Grindhouse films today are those that carry on that aesthetic. A blue screen (aka green screen) is an evenly-lit, monochromatic background actors perform in front of. It’s abbreviated as “m.s.”. Expressionism is the movie technique that involves the distortion of reality through costumes, editing, and lighting. All the shots are arranged by their order in the script. Production Value refers to the overall quality of a movie. A Director's Cut is a version of a movie a director is able to make without any studio interference. They had to leave quickly to elude authorities. Background is anything within the rear plane of action. A Composer is the musician who creates a movie’s score. Rear screen projection is a photographic technique in which a live action scene is filmed in front of a transparent screen where a background is added later. A filter is a plastic, glass, or gelatinous substance placed behind or before a camera lens. A Leitmotif is a recurring, intentionally-repeated theme or element in a movie. actor. cinemagoing. It is the opposite of a low angle shot. This is in contrast to second-unit photography or certain VFX shots needing to be completed. A Scanner Darkly was filmed using rotoscoping technology. An F-stop is the ratio of the focal length of a lens to the entrance pupil’s diameter. List of Careers in the Film Industry. Directors will review this footage at the end of the day (or start of the next day) to see what they have so far. An aside is when a film character breaks the fourth wall and directly addresses the audience. 5. Rotoscoping is an animation technique in which live-action footage is traced frame by frame by animators. This unit is essential for larger film productions where the main crew cannot be available. It’s predominantly characterized by a lit-up triangle underneath the subject’s eye on the less illuminated area of the face (fill side). On the film can this will be indicated by 1R appearing on the label. A lap dissolve is a certain kind of transition between two scenes. A push in is a camera shot where the camera physically moves toward the subject. Scenes are made up of shots while sequences are made up of scenes. Ambient light is natural light (Sun, Moon, etc.) It was popularized in Germany in the 1920s and '30s, often characterized by dramatic lighting, grotesque shots and dark visual images. A cast is generally divided into two categories: the leads and the supporting characters. Generally, a director will film several takes of the same shot. A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Choose from 500 different sets of vocabulary film production flashcards on Quizlet. Saving Private Ryan ends with such an epilogue. (1966) is a very faithful rendering or adaptation of Edward Albee's play of... ad lib. The Dictionary is an extensive on-line reference of film, video and audio terminology as applicable to production and post production. Rembrandt lighting is a technique utilizing one light and one reflector or two separate lights. Sound is the audio component of a movie. Horror is a genre of storytelling intended to scare, shock, and thrill its audience. A Production Agreement is a specific type of Service Agreement whereby one entity, the production services provider (or producer), contracts to produce an art or media project for the client. An arc shot is a shot that captures a subject while moving around in a circle. The climax is then generally followed by denouement or anti-climax. It typically contains information about the director, title of the movie, and take being filmed. It also refers to a specific sequence of events depicted in the movie. Often in the best one-liners, punchlines will come instantaneously after a set-up. It refers to the final portion of a film, also known as the epilogue. Production definition: Production is the process of manufacturing or growing something in large quantities . A frame with high contrast has a sharp delineation between the bright and dark elements. It is in contrast to a prequel. This is part of the post-production process. There is also the hope the spec script itself will be purchased or optioned. A treatment is a detailed summary of a movie’s story, including each major scene. Escape From Tomorrow is a guerrilla film shot without permission in Disneyland. It is also known as a multiple image. A bumper is the pre-film segment that plays before the movie begins. Blaxploitation is a combination of the words “black” and “exploitation” and refers to low-budget, sensational movies primarily made in the 1970s that featured mostly African-American casts and tackled gritty topics like racism, drugs, and the criminal underworld (e.g., Superfly). In writing, the foreground is generally abbreviated as b.g. A redlight is a film project that had previously been greenlighted but has now been cancelled, either temporarily or permanently. Films with special effects will also have a greater number of above the line costs than films without special effects. Video: How to Name Your Business It is often an aerial shot, and it informs the audience of the time and locale of the setting. The main storyline is known as the A story while the subplot is referred to as the B story. It is typically used for dream or flashback sequences. Writing exposition is particularly tricky when trying to weave it into the script organically. You should also make sure to check out our glossary devoted solely to cinematography terms that really goes into depth about some key terms every filmmaker should know. A shot list is a list provided to the film crew often the day before shooting. The state of, or the act of working towards, the completion of a goal or objective. The key grip is the head grip who coordinates all of the duties with the other grips in the crew. le film - film, movie le cinéma - movie theater The Maltese Falcon is an example of a film noir. Iconography is the use of a famous icon or symbol. White balance is a camera setting that establishes the true color of white. These are the scenes that typically involves the lead actors. A Kino Flo is a bank of fluorescent bulbs used for soft light. It can also refer to a commonplace or unimaginative shot. Storyboarding: Creating images of the shots you plan to shoot in your film. Frame Rate is the rate at which film stock passes through the camera. It is possible for characters or the narrative to break the fourth wall, letting the audience know then are, indeed, watching a movie. sweetening Post-production process of adding music and sound effects or otherwise enhancing the existing audio with filters and other effects. direct. Writing a logline is more difficult than it seems. A blooper is an embarrassing or humorous mistake made during the course of filming. This can be done to create an artistic effect showcasing discontinuity. An overhead shot is when the camera is placed over the actors. Fast-Cutting is a movie editing technique consisting of multiple fast consecutive shots. Production Agreements can be between large entities, like two big companies, or they can be individual-to-individual (in other words, a small client hiring a small producer). When a film suggests a correspondence or resemblance with a visible part of the film (character or event) to an abstract meaning that exists outside of the film. It refers to actors who draw on personal emotions and experiences to create a more realistic performance. Actors who play waiters are generally considered to have bit parts. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. a written form of a musical composition. A cast is a term for the collective performers in a film. A screenplay is the script for a movie production written by a screenwriter. A Production Agreement is a specific type of Service Agreement whereby one entity, the production services provider (or producer), contracts to produce an art or media project for the client. Many Star Wars films pay homage to classic samurai movies. A wipe is an optical effect or transitional technique where one shot seems to be “wiped off” the screen by another shot that replaces it. It tends to be set at about a 90-degree angle from where the performers are located. Star Wars is a cash cow franchise for Disney. Feel free to leave a comment if you find any errors or if you have any suggestions to make to improve this lesson. A pre-screening is showing of a movie before it is released to the public. Films are comprised of entire sequences. It is generally wireless and omnidirectional as well as small enough to not be seen in the shot. An epilogue is the short scene at the end of a movie that concludes the film. It was interesting when you explained that switching focus between the foreground and the background is referred to as a “rack focus” in video production. Realism is further attained through deep focus shots and long, uninterrupted takes. It is named after Abby Singer, a famous assistant film director and production manager. Symmetry is when two halves of an image (or a story) that distinctly mirror each other. A bit part is a small acting role. A pipeline refers to a film project currently in the system that is under development. Search. Realism is a style of filmmaking that aims to present the film as realistically as possible. Industry: The agencies and institutions involved with the production of media texts. See more. The two individuals are then linked to each other, and the audience understands their positions. An audition is the process in which an actor or performer reads from a prepared script or does a “cold reading” or a portion of dialogue. This often includes older movies, foreign films, silent movies, classics, or rarely-seen gems. Perhaps you prefer comedy (or “romcom” – romantic comedy) or dramas. Two related entertainment genres sharing common themes: 1. Your article had a lot of good film info I hadn’t heard before, so thanks for sharing! Decades ago, cameramen would say, “Wind, Reel, and Print, which would later become abbreviated as “WRAP.”. Letterboxing is the process of shrinking a film image so that it can appear on a television screen with black spaces below and above the image. 3 terms. Sound effects refer to all of the sounds created for a movie excluding music and dialogue. An unreliable narrator is a character whose perspective we follow in the story but lacks a certain degree of credibility. A Grip is a crew member who sets up dolly tracks, moving props, camera cranes, and other pieces of equipment. A flash-forward is the opposite of a flashback. Pace is the tempo or speed of the dramatic action in a movie. Diffusion is the softening or reduction of a light’s intensity. This specific shot is known as a miniature shot. There is also the take number, and the slate operator will say “mark” before clapping. It lets every department member know when they are to arrive on set. A still is a single, immobile image. theatre cinema to be in charge of making a film or programme, or getting a play ready for performance, especially by telling the actors and technical staff what to do. Hollywood. Many times, this flashback has occurred prior to the first frame in the film. It is the opposite of a pull back. The most famous example of this is the opening crawl detailing a prologue in the Star Wars films. This could diegetic sound (e.g., dialogue, Foley sound, etc.) Only a few managed to survive with their autonomy intact: David O. Selznick and Charlie Chaplin, to name two. A soundstage is a huge, soundproof room used for movie productions. Rough cuts are often used during focus group screenings. What is Black Comedy? A snub is a term that comes up during awards season when a prominent movie, crew, actor, or director is inexplicably excluded for nominations. A screen test is filmed during Pre-Production to test various elements, from costumes and make-up and practical effects to auditioning actors. Despite the fact that careers in film can be incredibly rewarding, they typically come with a low level of job security as you'll usually be hired on a film-by-film basis. A cross-fade is a fading technique with two components. A pan is an abbreviation for a panorama shot, referring to the rotation, scan, or horizontal movement of the camera in one direction. Have students work in small groups and use the interactive Crossword Puzzles tool to elaborate on vocabulary definitions. We’ve included as many film terms as humanly possible all on one page, so let’s get into it. It usually refers to a clumsy, contrived, or illogical intervention that alleviates the tension through something other than a character’s actions. Film stock refers to a film’s gauge or size as well as the film speed. A cyclorama is the seamlessly curved backdrop reaching from the floor to the ceiling to showcase a background for a scene. An over-the-shoulder shot is a medium camera angle commonly used in dialogue scenes. It typically contains the movie studio’s logo. Words for Movies & TV. Jobs in film production are projected to grow by 13% (or 7,600 jobs) from 2016 through 2026, which is faster than average, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). A blockbuster is a standout movie that is a major box office success. A location is the places or properties used to film. It can also refer to the unused, unexposed film where photographic images will later be stored. cinema the process or result of making animated films or cartoons, not seen or heard by the audience of a film, play etc, British film used in the past for producing moving pictures, a board consisting of two parts that are hit together before making part of a film, to make sure that the sound and picture happen at the same time, cinema to move quickly from one scene of a film to another, cinema a way of arranging how a film looks by moving, removing, or adding scenes, cinema a quick move from one scene of a film to another, a short shot in a film that shows something that is not happening in the main scene, a room where the separate pieces of a film or television programme are put together and the pieces that are not wanted are removed, theatrecinema to be in charge of making a film or programme, or getting a play ready for performance, especially by telling the actors and technical staff what to do, theatrecinema the work of directing a film, programme, or play, cinema to replace the soundtrack of a film with one in a different language, so that the actors seem to be speaking the other language, to change part of the original sound of a recording, especially a film, by adding new sound to it, to remove part of the original sound from a recording, especially a film, to replace the original soundtrack of a film with one in a different language, so that the actors seem to be speaking the other language, to make changes to a piece of film or a video, taking out the parts that you do not want, the activity of making a film or working as an actor in a film, to stop a video or film from moving forward, especially so you can look closely at one particular picture, the process of stopping a film in order to look at one particular image, a single image produced when you stop a film in this way, if scenes in a film are intercut, you see part of one scene first, then part of the other, then the next part of the first scene, and so on, usually to show you that different events are happening at the same time, a place where a film or TV programme is made away from a studio, cinema the buildings and the land around them where films are made, if a camera pans, or if you pan it, it moves sideways slowly to film something else or to follow something that is moving, used for describing the work done on a film or television programme after the action has been filmed, used for describing the work done on a film or television programme before the action is filmed, to organize the work and money involved in making a film, play, television programme, CD etc, the job or process of organizing the work and money involved in making a film, play, television programme, CD etc, theatrecinema a piece of furniture or small object used in a play or film, theatrecinema a written description of what happens in a play or film, to write or produce a play, book, film etc that happens in a particular time or place, an occasion when someone takes a series of photographs or makes a film, an effect in a film or photograph in which the image is made less clear in order to give a romantic appearance, the theatre, rather than films, books, or other forms of art, theatre to be a stage manager for a play or other show, a series of pictures that the director of a film uses to plan the action that will be filmed, cinema to move a film camera along on a track. 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